How a Work-Life Balance Works
Created by Working Families, the 2020 National Work-Life Week takes place from 12th to 16th October, so now is the perfect time to think a bit more about how employers can encourage and promote a healthy work-life balance. How you can help your employees balance their career ambitions and the pressure of needing to earn money, with their wellbeing and health; to avoid both burnouts, and stagnation in their job.
The rest of this article was written for Work Life Week 2019.
Working Families is a UK charity that helps employers and working parents and carers in matters of managing work and home life responsibilities. It offers guidance for both parties and conducts research into the current state of flexible working in the UK. Although their primary focus is working families, the data they collect is of interest to employers who have employees both with, and without caring responsibilities, as having a good work-life balance is important regardless.
What is a work-life balance?
A good work-life balance comes when an individual is able to set boundaries between their work commitments and their life outside of work. Being able to leave the work environment, both physically and mentally is key, to allow a good portion of each day focussed on non-work-related activities. Especially as a Mental Health Foundation survey found that more than 40% of employees feel like they neglect other areas of their life because of work.
Another way of looking at it is that there are 24 hours in a day, if you discount 8 for sleeping (who actually gets 8?!) then you have 16 left. If you work a 40-hour week you can expect to work 8 hours a day which in theory means you have 8 wonderful hours of each day to pursue hobbies, spend time with your children, friends and family or even study. However we know the day doesn’t exactly work like that; add 2 hours for commuting to work, 1 hour for checking emails at home throughout the evening, then 30 minutes in the morning of mentally planning the day ahead, plus the same amount of time in the evening worrying about what you didn’t get done, and you can easily see how work can actually take over your life. I get it, you want to do a good job, but include how many hours you stay behind or get into work early, or skip lunch away from your desk and soon the amount of time you are actually working is way over 8 hours and that means you put off rewarding social activities in order to cope with the amount of work related activities you are doing instead.
Signs of an unhealthy work-life balance:
- Becoming more unreasonable, impatient and argumentative
- Skipping lunch or eating at your desk, or increasing your intake of coffee, sugar and energy drinks to get through the day
- Not attending social events because you’re staying late at work or are too tired from working
- Working many more hours than you are paid for just to feel on top of things
- Finding yourself doing non-work-related tasks during working hours as a way to take a break from work tasks, but not taking an actual break when you should
- You can’t put down your phone/tablet/laptop – you are always checking your emails or for work updates
- Struggling with knowing what is a higher priority than something else, especially between work and non-work-related tasks
- Setting unrealistic expectations and perfection levels for yourself
Social media seems to constantly show us that our friends, family and role models have everything together and that they can easily manage everything life throws at them; holding down impressive jobs, raising amazing children, going on exotic vacations regularly and somehow managing to fit in hobbies and social events too. But in reality, these are just the snippets they want everyone to see on social media, it doesn’t mean they aren’t struggling with a work-life balance or other difficulties, so it’s important not to compare yourself to others.
Why is a good work-life balance important?
The Mental Health Foundation survey also found that the more hours you work, the more hours outside of work, in which you will worry and think about work, which leads to the main benefit of a healthy work-life balance; the time you get back. Do you constantly feel like you can never get on top of your life admin? Is there a long list of basic errands or “adulting” jobs you need to do but haven’t? If you didn’t check emails at home, would could you do with that time?
Getting that time back gives you the hours you need to exercise, plan and cook healthier food or see friends, all of which contribute to better mental health. Instead of getting up early to get into work each day and try to get a head start, use that time to sleep longer, go to the gym or eat breakfast.
How can employers help promote a good work-life balance to their employees?
Recognising the signs of someone with a poor work-life balance is an important skill for employers to have, and they should feel they have the support of HR or other managers, so they can broach the subject with their employee. Sometimes their work-life imbalance will be out of your control as an employer, and sometimes it will be that that their homelife is taking over their work-life and the two are not as separated as you’d like. However, at least there are some actions you can take to pre-empt any issues the job may be having on yourself or your employees.
- Hold regular reviews of workloads
- Set realistic deadlines
- Lead by example, don’t check/send emails outside of working hours and take a lunchbreak away from your desk
- Allow employees an hour for lunch and provide a space where they can eat away from their desk
- Introduce training opportunities to improve on workload management and priority setting
- Encourage staff to leave on time after their shift
- If your employees need a work phone outside of office hours, give them a separate one to their personal phone so they don’t take work with them on holiday and at weekends
- Send out regular surveys for staff to give opinions
- Respect their availability – if an employee says they could really do with a couple of hours to work on something that requires concentration, then allow them the two hours of do-not-disturb working
- Invest in continuous improvement – identify areas of working that are causing congestion for employees and work with them to improve productivity
- Consider taking on temporary staff during busy periods so your employees can concentrate on priority projects, but the basic business administration still get done
If anything in this blog has resonated with you, as an employer or employee, then it’s time to take action to make improvements. Go to your line manager or employee, with a list of what is bothering you, and some ideas on what you can both do to help the situation.